Infants should be vaccinated before birth. Various vaccines should be administered within a certain age. This protects them from the risk of possible diseases.
Under the National Immunization Program, children under 15 months of age are given free vaccinations in Nepal. In particular, vaccines are given against tuberculosis, diphtheria, whooping cough, whooping cough, hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenza B, polio, measles, rubella, pneumococcus and Japanese encephalitis.
BCG at birth
Babies should be vaccinated with BCG as soon as they are born. Children born in the hospital are given this vaccine there. It is also available at every health center and vaccination center. There is no charge for it, the government distributes it for free.BCG vaccine protects infants from tuberculosis.
Which vaccine to give for 15 months?
After that, the infant should be vaccinated against DPT and Hepatitis B at 4-4 week intervals. This vaccine is given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age. It should be applied three times. It protects against frog disease, whooping cough, whooping cough, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia caused by Haemophilus B.
Along with that, polio vaccine is given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age. It is given three times. It protects against poliomyelitis. FIPV is also given after the baby is 6 weeks and 14 weeks. This vaccine, which is given twice, works against diarrhea caused by rota virus.
PCV vaccination is given at 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 9 months. It is given thrice, it protects against pneumococcus meningitis and pneumonia.
Anti-measles-rubella is given at the age of 9 months and 15 months. It protects against measles, rubella. JE vaccine is given at 12 months of age. It protects against Japanese encephalitis.Not only infants, pregnant women are also given TD. It protects the baby from scurvy and frog disease.
Vaccination should be done within two years at most
Under the National Immunization Program, children under 15 months of age should receive all these vaccines. But in the event that the vaccine is missed for some reason, in order to ensure that the infants are not deprived of the vaccine, the entire vaccination should be done within two years at the most.
Free vaccination at the health center
This vaccine is administered in all health centers and vaccination centers. The government distributes free of charge all vaccinations that are administered from birth to 15 months. After such vaccination, the child may have a general fever, swelling and redness at the injection site. There are no serious problems.
What if not vaccinated?
If the child is not vaccinated, problems such as diphtheria, whooping cough, whooping cough, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia caused by Hemaphilus B may occur.
Failure to vaccinate can lead to poliomyelitis, diarrhea caused by rota virus, meningitis and pneumonia, measles, rubella, Japanese encephalitis, diphtheria and diphtheria.
If one or two of these vaccines are missed, there is a possibility of contracting the disease for which the vaccine was missed.